UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND

     
United Nations Children's Fund

History

*
Established by the United Nations General Assembly on December 11, 1946 & originally known as the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF), the UN Children’s Fund has employed three approaches in discharging its mandate.*

For the postwar period 1946 khổng lồ 1950, the “emergency needs approach” meant swift kích hoạt to meet the food, clothing, and health needs of children, particularly in Europe. At an expenditure of $112,000,000, UNICEF distributed various articles of clothing to five million children in twelve countries, vaccinated eight million against tuberculosis, rebuilt milk processing & distribution facilities, and, at the climax of its effort in Europe, provided a daily supplementary meal to lớn millions of children.

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During the period 1951-1960, UNICEF continued khổng lồ meet emergency needs, but at the same time moved into the long-range benefit approach. Lớn protect the health of children, UNICEF conducted campaigns against tuberculosis, yaws, leprosy, và malaria; made provisions for environmental sanitation; encouraged maternal and child health care education. To lớn raise nutritional standards for children, UNICEF helped countries produce & distribute low-cost, high-protein foods and fostered programs lớn educate people in their use. To lớn provide for the social welfare of children, UNICEF instituted informal training of mothers in child rearing and home improvement, aided services for children through day-care and neighborhood centers, family counseling, and youth clubs. The expenditures totalled $150,000,000.

UNICEF broadened its policy during the 1961-1970 period by adopting a concept of allying aid for children to the development of the nation. In recognition of the interconnection between aspects of national policy and programs of aid khổng lồ children, this approach, called the “country approach,” permitted UNICEF to implement in appropriate ways the priorities established by each nation in meeting the needs of its children. Consequently, becoming concerned with the intellectual, psychological, và vocational needs of children as well as with their physical needs, UNICEF provided assistance for teacher education and curriculum reform, allocated funds for pre-vocational training in usable skills, promoted information on the uses of technology. UNICEF projects, in short, reflected a comprehensive view of the child, seeing him as “a future agent for economic & social change.” In this decade UNICEF’s total expenditures were in excess of $300,000,000.

In the decade of the seventies, UNICEF will attempt khổng lồ elevate the chất lượng of life of children in the developing nations, coordinating its efforts with those of the governments concerned. UNICEF hopes khổng lồ increase its assistance during the decade, aiming at an annual màn chơi of $100,000,000 by 1975, và to enlist complementary support from international, multinational, và nongovernmental agencies.

Stark statistics for UNICEF’s twenty-five-year history reveal only a facet of the constructive work accomplished, but they provide some indication of its scope: 71,000,000 children examined for trachoma and 43,000,000 treated; 425,000,000 examined for yaws và 23,000,000 treated; 400,000,000 vaccinated against tuberculosis, many millions protected from malaria, và 415,000 discharged as cured of leprosy; 12,000 rural health centers & several thousand maternity wards established in eighty-five countries; help given lớn provide equipment for 2,500 teacher training schools, 56,000 primary và secondary schools, 965 pre-vocational training schools, 31 schools for training pre-vocational instructors, 600 for training dietary personnel; equipment supplied for 4,000 nutrition centers & community gardens, & for 9,000 school gardens & canteens; equipment given to 2,500 day-care centers, 3,000 women’s clubs, and 3,500 community centers; supplementary meals dispensed in the billions and articles of clothing in the high millions; emergency aid furnished to hundreds of thousands victimized by floods, earthquakes, & other natural disasters.

Selected Bibliography

Films

UNICEF releases films for group showings. These films include four in English: Nomad Boy (Somalia), Beneath the Dreams (Hong Kong), Meet Tasani (Thailand), Starting from Scratch (United Republic of Tanzania); a number of Spanish versions of UNICEF films on Latin American countries; films produced by the European office – among them, two fifteen-minute documentaries, L’Eau Sauvage (Ceylon) & Le Chemin de la paix (Nigeria) & four short films on child life. Films scheduled for release in 1971 include a documentary on UNICEF, a documentary on problems of urbanization as it affects children, and one on the story of a UNICEF greeting thẻ from design lớn sale.

General Progress Report of the executive Director. New York, United Nations (E/ICEF/ 608), 1971.

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Heilbroner, Robert L., Mankind’s Children: The Story of UNICEF. New York, Public Affairs Committee, 1959.

Keeny, Spurgeon M., Half the World’s Children: A Diary of UNICEF at Work in Asia. New York, Association Press, 1957.

Progress Begins with the Child: Statement by the Executive Director to lớn the Third Committee of the General Assembly, December, 1968. New York, United Nations (printed leaflet), 1969.

A Short Guide khổng lồ UNICEF. New York, United Nations (UNICEF/Misc. 131), 1967. Strategy for Children: A Study of UNICEF Assistance Policies. New York, United Nations (E/ICEF/559/Rev. 1), 1967.

Yates, Elizabeth, Rainbow round the World: A Story of UNICEF. Indianapolis, Bobbs Merrill, 1954.

* Since the presentation speech, the acceptance speech, & the lecture provide historical information on UNICEF, this note is designed only to lớn outline the main periods of UNICEF’s history, to lớn update it lớn 1971, and, by using representative statistics, to lớn summarize its contributions. The editor gratefully acknowledges the kindness of UNICEF in providing for his information a soon-to-be-issued history, but he is, of course, solely responsible for this note.

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From Nobel Lectures, Peace 1951-1970, Editor Frederick W. Haberman, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1972

This text was first published in the book series LesPrix Nobel. It was later edited and republished in Nobel Lectures. Lớn cite this document, always state the source as shown above.

To cite this section MLA style: United Nations Children’s Fund – History of Organization. nangngucnoisoi.vn. Nobel Prize Outreach AB 2022. Sun. 19 Jun 2022.