Read The Following Passage And Mark The Letter A, B, C Or D On Your Answer Sheet To Indicate The Correct Word Or Phrase That Best Fits Each Of The Numbered Blanks From 6 To 15Music Is Universal

Music is a universal language, reveals new study. Picture: Getty

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Harvard University. Picture: Getty

The findings show that by analysing a song’s acoustic features, such as tonality, ornamentation and tempo, it’s possible for people to understand its meaning, regardless of its cultural background.

So, whether you’re listening khổng lồ a dance track, love song, healing song or lullaby, it seems a song’s psychological purpose can be easily identified.

“Music is in fact universal,” the study concludes. “It exists in every society (both with và without words), varies more within than between societies, regularly supports certain types of behaviour, and has acoustic features that are systematically related to lớn the goals và responses of singers and listeners.

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“But music is not a fixed biological response with a single prototypical adaptive function: It is produced worldwide in diverse behavioural contexts that vary in formality, arousal, và religiosity.”

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“Music does appear to be tied khổng lồ specific perceptual, cognitive, & affective faculties, including language (all societies put words to their songs), motor control (people in all societies dance), auditory analysis (all musical systems have signatures of tonality), and aesthetics (their melodies and rhythms are balanced between monotony và chaos).”

The team behind the study said: “We propose that the music of a society is not a fixed inventory of cultural behaviours, but rather the hàng hóa of underlying psychological faculties that make certain kinds of sound feel appropriate khổng lồ certain social và emotional circumstances.”

Published last November, the study was led by Samuel Mehr, a fellow of the Harvard Data Science Initiative và research associate in psychology, Manvir Singh, a graduate student in Harvard’s department of Human Evolutionary Biology, and Luke Glowacki, a former Harvard graduate, now professor of anthropology at Pennsylvania State University.

Meanwhile, another study led by Alan Cowen at the University of California, Berkeley, investigated how many emotional experiences music could evoke in 1,591 participants from the United States & China, by making them listen lớn 2,168 musical samples.

Researchers found that both cultures recognised 13 different categories of emotions – including amusing, annoying, anxious or tense, beautiful, calm or relaxing or serene, dreamy, energising, erotic or desirous, indignant or defiant, joyful or cheerful, sad or depressing, scary or fearful, & triumphant or heroic.

Cowen said: “Music is a universal language, but we don’t always pay enough attention to what it’s saying and how it’s being understood.

“We wanted to lớn take an important first step toward solving the mystery of how music can evoke so many nuanced emotions.”

In future, the researchers hope that their work will complement traditional medicine by helping psychologists and psychiatrists khổng lồ develop better therapies using the power nguồn of music.