READ THE FOLLOWING PASSAGE AND MARK THE LETTER A, B, C, OR D ON YOUR ANSWER SHEET TO INDICATE THE CORRECT ANSWER TO EACH OF THE BLANKS

     
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Dr. Joshua Overgaard, an internist at Lake Region Healthcare, wants men out there khổng lồ know seeing a doctor for a health concern doesn’t make them whiners.

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Overgaard concedes plenty of men vì chưng communicate openly with their doctors, just as there are women who minimize their health issues. Even so, he believes males feel more compelled to remain stoic when it comes to lớn issues of health.

“I think we put this pressure on ourselves as men,” he says. “A lot of it comes from the sense of pride we get – not just that I’m tough và I’m a man – but that we value ourselves for our work và for taking care of our families. We put those things first and we put our health second.”

In line with National Men’s Health Month, Overgaard offers a menu of five symptoms men routinely ignore – even though they shouldn’t.

Feeling low; for no reason.While situational depression–depression triggered by a certain incident or experience – is normal, men & their families should take notice if they experience a lingering sadness for no particular reason, Overgaard says.

How can he know he’s depressed? Watch for examples like this: Once an avid fisherman, he doesn’t feel the need lớn fish anymore. He has trouble sleeping or sleeps too much. His anger or irritability is disproportionate lớn relatively minor incidents. His appetite is nil, or he’s suddenly gorging on all the food in the house. He seems angry, anxious or depressed more days than he seems content.

Loved ones may have lớn diplomatically broach the topic if the men in their lives aren’t talking about it. “Honestly, I think most of the time they’re not even aware of it,” Overgaard says. “I don’t think there’s the same amount of self-reflection on how we feel as women seem to have. Women spend more time thinking and talking about those sorts of things, while – for a man – he might say, ‘I’m cranky and it’s hard lớn put a word on it.”

Shortness of breath.People tend to think they’re short of breath because they took the stairs too fast or are out of shape. In fact, trouble breathing – especially if it comes on relatively quickly – can signal heart disease and lung disease. Overgaard has found that people don’t really identify shortness of breath as an issue until he digs deeper. It’s only when he asks something like, “Did you have more trouble shoveling your walk this winter than you did last year?” that he will learn there might be a more serious problem.

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Snoring.One of the consequences of the obesity epidemic in our country is that more people have developed obstructive sleep apnea, Overgaard says. Weight gain causes extra fat to lớn build up everywhere – including the throat. This makes it easier for tissue to block our air passages as we sleep.

Apnea causes abnormal pressure in the chest cavity, which wakes up the sufferer because he can’t breathe. This can happen numerous times a night, with the person unaware that he ever woke up. This abnormal chest pressure, coupled with oxygen deprivation, can lead to high blood pressure, heart damage & scarring of the lungs.

Possible indicators of apnea include snoring, gasping for air while asleep and feeling chronically sleep deprived (napping frequently, nodding off during movies, etc.). Apnea is typically diagnosed after a sleep study, then treated with use of a CPAP machine (which maintains constant air pressure in the throat so the airway doesn’t collapse). Mild cases of apnea may be treatable with a mandibular device prescribed by a dentist or, on rare occasions, surgery.

Exercise deficiency.Although Overgaard jokes this is one of the two “EDs” that men shouldn’t ignore (the other being erectile dysfunction), he’s serious when stressing how important it is to lớn stay active.

“It’s important lớn recognize that almost every single tissue in our body toàn thân is affected by exercise,” he says. “Your heart, your lungs, your blood vessels, your mind, your skin.” Although we know exercise helps to lớn stave off everything from obesity khổng lồ heart disease, people often don’t exercise because they can’t see the immediate benefit.

Overgaard says one motivator would be taking people into hospitals & nursing homes to lớn show them all the people who might have avoided serious illness if they had started exercising 10 years earlier.

As a general rule, he recommends 45 minutes of exercise five lớn seven times a week. It should be brisk enough to get your heart pumping & to break a sweat. Vigorous activities lượt thích yardwork or chopping wood điện thoại tư vấn count toward your workout goal.

And it’s never too late lớn start. “They’ve taken people who are elderly with dementia and put them in exercise programs for both cardiovascular and resistance training,” Overgaard says. “They find they’ll start doing better in both their day-to-day activities and neuropsychological tests.”

Erectile dysfunction.

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“The other ED” should concern men, and it’s not always for the immediately obvious reasons. One is that ED could signal problems with blood flow in the arteries. And that could be a canary in the mineshaft for heart disease.

The other is that “sex is an important part of life,” Overgaard says. “It’s going lớn be a better day when people can talk about how it’s normal khổng lồ have sex, khổng lồ enjoy sex, & it’s important for our mental health. You have lớn be comfortable talking khổng lồ your doctor about it, & if you’re not, talk to another doctor, a counselor or urologist. It’s an appropriate topic for a medical visit.”

Whether it’s one of the five signs mentioned here or another health concern, Overgaard says the bottom line is for men to be actively engaged in their health in order khổng lồ fulfill their other goals in life. “We need khổng lồ be healthy in order to succeed at anything else. It’s important lớn recognize that if you ignore your health, you may not be able to vày your job or take care of your family.”